What is NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
NATO is an alliance of 28 countries of Europe and North America (Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States).
NATO's basic goal is to protect freedom and security of all its members by political and military means and in compliance with the North Atlantic Treaty and the UN Charter. Ever since its establishment, the Alliance has endeavoured towards a just and peaceful Europe based on the common values of human rights and the rule of law. NATO is also a prominent forum for consultation on security issues of common interest among its member countries and an important pillar of peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area.
The basic goals of NATO are summarized by the following fundamental tasks:
- Security: To ensure a stable Euro-Atlantic security environment based on democratic institutions and commitment to the peaceful resolution of disputes.
- Consultations: To act pursuant to Article 4 of the North Atlantic Treaty as the basic transatlantic forum for consultations between the Allies on all issues affecting their vital interests, including potential events that might pose a threat to security of individual members; and for coordination of their endeavours in the areas of common interest.
- Deterrence and defence: To defend any Ally and deter any threat of aggression, as provided for in Articles 5 and 6 of the North Atlantic Treaty.
- Crisis management: To be ready on a case-by-case basis and by reaching consensus to contribute to efficient conflict prevention and active engagement in crises management, including the crisis-response operations, as laid down in Article 7 of the North Atlantic Treaty.
- Partnership: To promote broad partnership, cooperation and dialogue with other countries in the Euro-Atlantic area and beyond, with the aim of promoting transparency, mutual trust and interoperability.