NATO’s relations with Montenegro
Montenegro realized the first contractual relation with NATO by signing the Framework document of Partnership for Peace, which represented significant progress in the field of Euro-Atlantic integration. After development of the Presentation Document and signing of the Security Information Agreement, Mission to NATO in Brussels was opened, and Montenegro continued to fulfil obligations stemming from membership in the programme Partnership for Peace. Planing and Review Process (PARP) has been completed, and NATO has accepted 32 partnership objectives. At the same time, Individual Partnership Programme (IPP) has been adopted.
Presentation document of Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) was presented in March 2008, and NATO approved the beginning of development of IPAP for Montenegro, which was adopted on 19 June 2008 at the Government of Montenegro session. The document was submitted to NATO on 24 June 2008, and after it was adopted by the North Atlantic Alliance.
Following the invitation to begin an Intensive Dialogue between Montenegro and NATO, the Initial Document for Discussion within ID was developed which the Council for PfP adopted on 12 June 2008. In compliance with practice, the Initial Document served as the base for beginning an intensive dialogue of Montenegro with NATO. The plenary meeting of Montenegrin representatives with the representatives of NATO was held on 24 June 2008 in the NATO seat in Brussels.
Cooperation with NATO through the programme Partnership for Peace, the most important inititative of the Alliance aimed at cooperation of member states and other Euro-Atlantic countries in order to strengthen safety and stability and that represents for Montenegro a way to achieve the final objective - preservation and improvement of democratic values and membership in NATO.
Results achieved within IPAP and ID were discussed at the meeting of the North Atlantic Council (NAC) and Montenegro held on 9 March 2009, where a positive assessment was given of the activities realised under these two cooperation mechanisms within NATO. At present, activities are being undertaken on the drafting of a six-month report on the IPAP activities.
In the closing declaration of the recent NATO Summit in Strasbourg and Kehl, strong support was given to Montenegro, and the message was communicated that the Allies will soon discuss Montenegro's request for the Membership Action Plan (MAP).
Montenegro received an official invitation to become a full-fledged member of the Charter at the meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Adriatic Charter countries in New York on 25 September 2008. The status within the Adriatic Charter was formalised at the MFA meeting on the margins of the ministerial meeting of the OSCE in Helsinki on 4 December 2008. The delegation of Montenegro headed by Minister of Foreign Affairs Milan Roćen took part for the first time as a full-fledged member at the meeting of the MFAs of the Adriatic Charter in Tirana on 8 May 2009.
Montenegro was admitted to full membership of the South-Eastern Europe Defence Ministerial Process (SEDM) on this important regional initiative's annual meeting on 21 October 2009 in Bulgaria. The main objective of the cooperation of Defence Ministers of the South-Eastern Europe, Italy, and the USA is to improve understanding of political-military cooperation for the purpose of strengthening stability and security in the region, as well as the establishment of links for the facilitation of integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions. SEDM comprises 14 NATO and PfP member-states.
At the meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Alliance on 3-4 December 2009 in Brussels, Montenegro was admitted to the MAP, on the basis of good results in internal reforms and fulfilling the obligations under PfP, in particular the implementation of PARP, IPP, IPAP, and ID.
MAP is a process that comprises several annual cycles and has no time restrictions. This process is complete once the progress report confirmed by all Alliance member-states is adopted.
The meeting of Montenegro and the North Atlantic Council (NAC) on the occasion of the termination of the biennial cycle of the Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) was held in Brussels on 16 June 2010. This meeting closed the implementation of IPAP with a positive assessment by NATO.
The Government of Montenegro adopted on 16 September 2010 the first Annual National Programme (ANP) under the first cycle of MAP, which was presented to NATO on 28 October 2010.
The first ANP was presented at the NAC meeting in Brussels on October 28, 2010, after which Montenegro commenced the first cycle of the implementation of MAP.
Government of Montenegro on 29th September 2011 adopted the second Annual National Programme (ANP) in the second cycle of Membership Action Plan (MAP). After its presentation in Brussels, at which it was estimated as good and comprehensive, the second cycle of MAP for the period 2011-2012 started.